Research published in the Journal of Nutrition has for the first time documented the potential effects of mango consumption on gut microbiota of mice. When samples were compared from the beginning to the end of the study period, mango supplementation was found to prevent the loss of beneficial gut bacteria often induced by a high-fat diet. This is an important finding as specific bacteria in the intestinal tract may play a role in obesity and obesity-related complications, such as Type 2 diabetes. In this study, published in the Journal of Nutrition, 60 male mice were assigned to one of four dietary treatment groups for 12 weeks – control (with 10 per cent of calories from fat), high fat (with 60 per cent calories from fat), or high fat with one per cent or 10 per cent mango. All high-fat diets had similar macronutrient, calcium, phosphorus, and fiber content.